Sardinia (AFI: /sarˈdeɲɲa/; Sardìgna or Sardìnnia in Sardinian) is an Italian region with a special statute of 1 592 730 inhabitants with the capital Cagliari, whose bilingual name used in official communication is the Autonomous Region of Sardinia / The Autònoma de Sardigna Region.
Established in 1948, it is administratively divided into four provinces, a metropolitan city and 377 municipalities, has a population of 1 592 730 inhabitants, which with a territory of 24 100 km2 makes it the third region of Italy by area and third last by density (66 inhab./km2).
It is located in the western Mediterranean and its territory coincides with the Sardinian archipelago, consisting almost entirely of the island of Sardinia and a considerable number of small islands and surrounding archipelagos. Its strategic position and its wealth of minerals have favored in antiquity its population and the development of commercial traffic and cultural exchanges between its inhabitants and the coastal peoples.
Rich in mountains, forests, plains, largely uninhabited territories, streams, rocky coasts and long sandy beaches, for the variety of its ecosystems the island has been metaphorically defined as a micro-continent. In modern times many travelers and writers have exalted its beauty, which remained uncontaminated at least until the contemporary age, as well as immersed in a landscape that houses the vestiges of theNuragic civilization.